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SEC Rule 13f-2: Implications for Investment Managers and Technology

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has recently adopted Rule 13f-2, a measure aimed at improving transparency in the equity markets by focusing on short-selling activities. The rule, set to take effect in early 2025, requires investment managers to report detailed data on their short positions and activities each month through the newly introduced Form SHO. 

As part of our Emerging Regulations Watch series, we delve into what Rule 13f-2 entails and its implications for investment managers and technology.

sec building preface.


Key Provisions of Rule 13f-2

  1. Monthly Reporting: Institutional investment managers with significant short positions must submit monthly reports. These reports include gross short positions and related short activity data for equity securities. Managers must report if their short position in a reporting issuer’s equity security has a monthly average of at least $10 million or 2.5% of the total shares outstanding or at least $500,000 for non-reporting issuers​.
  2. Public Data Aggregation: The SEC will compile the submitted data by security, ensuring confidentiality for individual managers while making the aggregated data publicly accessible on a delayed basis. This aims to enhance market transparency without revealing proprietary trading details.
  3. Regulatory Enhancements: Amendments to the Consolidated Audit Trail (CAT) and Regulation SHO accompany this rule. These include requiring CAT reporting firms to indicate when they are using the bona fide market making exceptions and establishing new order marking requirements for “buy to cover” purchases​.


Rule 13f-2 Implications for Managers

The introduction of Rule 13f-2 brings heightened compliance responsibilities for investment managers. They will need to establish comprehensive systems to accurately track and report their short positions and activities. This will likely necessitate significant updates to existing reporting frameworks and possibly the adoption of new technologies to ensure compliance. Managers must also adhere to the regulatory timeline, with the rule’s compliance date set for January 2025, allowing them just under 6 months to adjust their systems and processes accordingly.

Adding to the complexity, certain aspects of the new 13f-2 rule are still being reviewed due to existing ambiguities in the SEC’s guidance. Firms are grappling with understanding and implementing these new rules, with significant risks associated with non-compliance. These risks include civil sanctions, hefty fines, and potential reputational damage. This underscores the urgent need for a clear and consensus-driven interpretation of the regulations to ensure compliance by the January 2025 deadline.


Why is Rule 13f-2 Being Introduced?

Rule 13f-2 responds to Congress’s 2010 mandate to increase transparency around short selling following the Global Financial Crisis, as well as more recent market volatility and stresses involving certain equity securities. This regulation sets thresholds for short positions in U.S.-listed equity securities, requiring reporting through Form SHO in the SEC’s EDGAR system once these thresholds are crossed. These reports must be filed within 14 calendar days from the end of each month​.


Technological Impact of Rule 13f-2

Implementing Rule 13f-2 will likely drive the development and adoption of advanced reporting technologies. Managers will need software solutions capable of capturing detailed short-sale data and generating accurate monthly reports. The aggregation and public dissemination of this data will require sophisticated data management and analytical tools.
The interpretation of Rule 13f-2’s ambiguities will significantly affect reporting requirements, demanding extensive daily short position data and potentially complicating cross-jurisdictional transactions and exemptions.


Investing in Technology

Rule 13f-2 marks a significant step toward greater market transparency and regulatory oversight in response to past market disruptions. For investment managers, it introduces new reporting challenges and necessitates adopting advanced technological solutions to ensure compliance. As this rule takes effect, the collaboration between managers and technology providers will be crucial in navigating the complexities of the new regulatory environment.

Regulations evolve as ambiguities and challenging use cases are addressed, making it imperative for financial institutions to respond promptly to remain compliant. The regulators’ message is clear: ensure systems are in place to operationalize and automate compliance.



Streamline your compliance journey with AQMetrics.

For more information on how AQMetrics can assist you with Rule 13f-2 filings, contact us today.

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